An Overview On oral contraceptive pill

Currently, there are three types of oral contraceptive pills: consolidated estrogen-progesterone, progesterone-only, and continuous or extended use pills. The birth control pill is the most recommended type of contraception in the US. About 25% of women aged between 15 and 44 who currently use contraception revealed the pill as their decision-making strategy. The most commonly recommended pill is the consolidated hormonal pill with estrogen and progesterone. Progesterone is the chemical that prevents pregnancy, and the estrogen part controls female death. Birth control pills are used to prevent pregnancy.

The feasibility of this type of contraception is alluded to as common and wonderful use. This movement surveys the signs and contraindications, pharmacology, and different plans of oral contraceptives and highlights the work of the interprofessional group in orienting patients about the oral contraceptive pill singapore.

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oral contraceptive pill singapore

Progesterone is primarily responsible for preventing pregnancy. The main component of the activity is to prevent ovulation; they restrict follicular turning events and prevent ovulation. The negative review of progestogen works in the nerve center to decrease the recurrence of gonadotropin-releasing chemical beats. This will therefore decrease the discharge of the follicle-reinforcing chemical (FSH) and decrease the emission of the luteinizing chemical (LH). If the follicle is not creating, there is no expansion in estradiol levels (the follicle produces estradiol). The negative input of progestogen and the absence of positive feedback of estrogen in the LH surge stop the flood of LH mid-cycle. With no follicle created and no flood of LH to release the follicle, ovulation is prevented.

Estrogen has some impact on repressing follicular advancement due to its negative entry into the frontal pituitary with facilitated posterior FSH emission; it’s just not as evident as the impact of progesterone. Another essential component of the activity is the ability of progesterone to prevent sperm from infiltrating through the cervix and upper genital region, making the cervical mucosa hostile. Endometrial caries caused by progesterone should stop implantation, but there is no evidence that this happens.

Progesterone-only pill (POP)

While different types of progesterone pills are available in the US, most of the time the plans have drospirenone or norethindrone. Drospirenone suppresses ovulation and has counter mineralocorticoid movement. While norethindrone essentially acts by thickening the cervical body fluid to suppress sperm entry, suppressing ovulation, and decreasing the mid-cycle LH and FSH peaks, which facilitates the development of the egg through the fallopian cylinders and adjusts the thickness of the endometrium. Some progesterone compounds have stronger antiandrogenic properties and thus are more viable in treating polycystic ovary conditions, hirsutism, and skin inflammation.